Monday, April 12, 2010

The Kalam Cosmological Argument

Very good video by one of my friends dealing with one of the most powerful arguments for Gods existence. I have wrote on this argument before and I think that it is an argument all apologists should be aware of.

Here is a piece I wrote a while back on this argument, enjoy!!

I will take you through the Kalam and why I think there are good reasons to believe that God exists and why Theism is much more plausible than Atheism

Argument # 1 The Cosmological argument

Premise 1- Everything that has a beginning has a cause

Premise 2- The Universe had a beginning

Conclusion 3--Therefore the universe had a cause

With regards to premise 1 there are only 3 options, either the universe is uncaused, self caused, or caused by another.

We know the universe is here, or we would not be able to even ask the question, so number 1 is ruled out. Now the universe can not be self caused because something that does not exist can not bring itself into existence. So this leaves the only option available, which means the universe was caused by another,

So Premise -1 Everything that has a beginning has a cause, has been defended

So what about premise 2, that the universe had a beginning? All astrophysicists agree that the space time universe came into being at a finite time in the past, a few evidences will suffice,

1 The Universe is expanding

The stars and galaxies are slowly pulling away from each other, this has been verified by radio telescopes looking at whats called the "Red shift" if the universe is expanding, then it follows if you were to go farther back in time or " role the film back" so to speak you would eventually hit a point where all space time and matter is a finite point and could not be pushed back anymore, this demonstrates it could not be expanding forever, but must have had a start.

Number 2

The 2nd law of thermo dynamics is another strong evidence that the universe can not be eternal, this law says that the amount of heat/energy will eventually run down. For example, if you were to come in and see a cup of coffee on the table and touched it, and it was warm, you would know it was not that old, but if the coffee was cold, you would not know when it was made, this is analogous to the universe, the fact we still have energy sch as stars, planets giving off heat, electromagnetic radiation, this shows that the universe is not infinitely old, for if it was, the universe would have run out of usable energy long ago, so if the universe is running down, it MUST have been wound up.

We know the universe came into being from nothing, here is some quotes from modern cosmologists regarding the beginning of the universe

1- The conclusion of this lecture is that the universe has not existed forever. Rather, the universe, and time itself, had a beginning in the Big Bang, about 15 billion years ago." Stephen Hawking The Beginning of Time

2-"The Big Bang model of the universe's birth is the most widely accepted model that has ever been conceived for the scientific origin of everything." Stuart Robbins, Case Western Reserve University

3-"Many once believed that the universe had no beginning or end and was truly infinite. Through the inception of the Big Bang theory, however, no longer could the universe be considered infinite. The universe was forced to take on the properties of a finite phenomenon, possessing a history and a beginning." Chris LaRocco and Blair Rothstein, University of Michigan

I could go on and on, my point is to claim that the universe popped into existence from nothing without a cause is irrational and violates basic principles of science, such as the law of causality. So I ask you, how is it that your worldview, that there is no Creator, give a better explanation of how the universe came to be?

This should suffice to defend that the universe had a beginning, if not let me know and I will give you a few more.

SO since we have established the universe had a beginning, and everything that has a beginning has a cause, this argument demonstrates God exists! But it also shows a particular God exists. Pantheism is what the new age and Hindus believe, but the problem with this, is they believe that all is one, and God is in the world and the material universe is God. This however fails, because we demonstrated that the universe had a beginning, thus this would mean there god would not be eternal, but need a beginning and therefore would need a creator.

Because the space time universe had a beginning we know the Creator must be

1-Immaterial because he created matter

2--Non spatial because He existed before He created space

3- Non Temporal because he is outside of time

4-- All powerful because He created something from Nothing

5--Personal because he did not have to create but Chose to

6--Infinite wisdom based on the design in the universe and in living biological systems

7--immutable or unchanging because He IS EXISTENCE and everything else has existence

these Characteristics fit those of the God of the Bible, a Theistic personal God.

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